TRASHED IS A MUST-WATCH DOCUMENTARY THAT WILL FORCE YOU TO EXAMINE THE EVERYDAY CHOICES YOU MAKE WITHOUT A SECOND THOUGHT. A TRULY EFFECTIVE AND EYE-OPENING DOCUMENTARY.
HOME // INTERVIEWS
WBAI RADIO // Jeremy Irons talks about the importance of the subjects raised in Trashed
JOY BEHAR. SAY ANYTHING // Jeremy talks to Current TV presenter Joy Behar about Trashed
NY1 ONLINE // Jeremy Irons Talks Trash
NORTHERN PACIFIC // A Comparison of Plastic and Plankton in the North Pacific Central Gyre .
UK // One of the most ubiquitous and long-lasting recent changes to the surface of our planet is the accumulation and fragmentation of plastics. Within just a few decades since mass production of plastic products commenced in the 1950s, plastic debris has accumulated in terrestrial environments, in the open ocean, on shorelines of even the most remote islands and in the deep sea. (ROYAL SOCIETY)
UK // Transport and release of chemicals from plastics to the environment and to wildlife (2009) Both a mathematical model using equilibrium partitioning and experimental data have demonstrated the transfer of contaminants from plastic to benthic organisms. A feeding experiment suggested that PCBs transfer from contaminated plastics to Streaked Shearwater chicks. (ROYAL SOCIETY)
NORTHERN PACIFIC // Quantitation of persistent organic pollutants adsorbed on plastic debris from the Northern Pacific Gyre eastern garbage patch. (Rios et al 2010)
HONOLULU // STRATEGY: Plastic Poisoning in Oceans
NORTHERN PACIFIC // Fish Ingestion of Microplastics: Study. (Charles Moore et al 2009)
NORTHERN PACIFIC // The Midway Media Project (2012): On one of the remotest islands on our planet, tens of thousands of baby albatrosses lie dead on the ground, their bodies filled with plastic from the Pacific Garbage Patch.
USA // Quantity and type of plastic debris flowing from two urban rivers to coastal waters and beaches of Southern California.
CANADA // Under Canadian law, a PCB level of 500 parts per million (ppm) is considered toxic waste, and PCB levels in St. Lawrence belugas range from 240 ppm to 800 ppm .
UK // Degradation of plastic carrier bags in the marine environment.
JAPAN // Pellet Watch: Global Monitoring of Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) using Beached Plastic Resin Pellets. (H Takada)
WORLD // Organic micropollutants in marine plastics debris from the open ocean and remote and urban beaches .
UK // Multiple ocean stresses threaten "globally significant" marine extinction. (2011)
ARCTIC // Revolatilization of persistent organic pollutants in the Arctic induced by climate change. (2011)
UK // Relationships between polychlorinated biphenyls and health status in Harbor Porpoises (Phocoena Phocoena) stranded in the United Kingdom.
UK // The Risk of Infection From Polychlorinated Biphenyl Exposure In Harbor Porpoise (Phocoena Phocoena) - A Case-Control Approach.
UK // Chlorobiphenyls in the blubber of harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) from the UK: Levels and trends 1991-2005.
DENMARK // An overview on current contaminant loads in marine mammals inhabiting the ICES Area is presented within this report, and highlights (regions and) marine mammal populations at highest risk from environmental exposure. Further, the cause-effect relationships between contaminants and health status, and the population‐level effects of environmental impacts were also assessed.
NORTHERN PACIFIC // High PCB concentrations in free-ranging Pacific killer whales, Orcinus orca: Effect of age, sex and dietary preference. (Marine Pollution Bulletin 40:504-515)
USA // People with high levels of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in their blood are 38 times more likely to have diabetes than those with the lowest exposure, according to an analysis of data collected in the US
EUROPE/USA // Mothers’ exposure to environmental contamination can affect the health of their offspring, a joint Italian and US study has shown. Babies born to mothers with a history of high exposure to dioxins suffered from decreased thyroid function
EUROPE // Breast-fed sons have reduced sperm quality when their mothers are exposed to low doses of dioxins, Italian scientists have reported.
ITALY // Exponential growth of new chemicals and evolution of information relevant to risk control. (2008)
USA // In 1998 a report of the US Environmental Protection Agency indicated that no information on toxicity was available for 43% of HPV chemicals produced or imported in US (an amount higher than 1 million tons per year) and that a full set of toxicity data was available only for a 7% of the whole - US Environmental Protection Agency Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics. Chemical hazard data. Availability study. What do we really know about the safety of high production volume chemicals?
Washington DC (USEPA 1998)
EUROPE // Europe and Chemicals (2006) In the EU, more than 100,106 chemicals were reported to be on the market in 1981, which was the first and only time that the chemicals used in the EU were listed. For 99 % of chemicals (by volume), information on properties, uses and risks is sketchy. Chemicals produced in high volumes (above 1 000 tonnes per year) have been examined more closely. Still, there are no data for about 21 % of those, and another 65 % come with insufficient data .
WORLD // WILDLIFE FUND: 400 million tonnes of man-made chemicals produced every year.
USA // A 2005 study by the Environmental Working Group detected 287 commercial chemicals, pesticides, and pollutants in the umbilical cord blood from 10 newborn infants, randomly selected by the Red Cross from U.S. hospitals.
USA // The National Toxicology Program at the National Institutes of Health and FDA have some concern about the potential effects of BPA on the brain, behavior, and prostate gland in fetuses, infants, and young children. (March 2012)
WORLD // An Extensive New Literature Concerning Low-Dose Effects of Bisphenol A Shows the Need for a New Risk Assessment (vom Saal, Hughes 2005) BPA is one of the highest-volume chemicals produced worldwide; global BPA capacity in 2003 was 2,214,000 metric tons with 6-10% growth in demand expected per year (Burridge 2003). ....Of a total of 115 published studies with low doses of BPA below the prior LOAEL of 50 mg/kg/day that we accessed via a PubMed search at the end of December 2004, there have been 94 published studies reporting in vivo estrogenic activity of BPA. Of the 94 low-dose studies reporting significant effects, 31 published studies have reported effects caused by doses of BPA at and below the reference dose of 50 μg/kg/day. Rate of growth and sexual maturation, hormone levels in blood, reproductive organ function, fertility, immune function, enzyme activity, brain structure, brain chemistry, and behavior are all affected by exposure to low doses of BPA.